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21 December 2005: The Virgin in the New Testament — Part 2

Last week we looked at the New Testament’s portrait of the mother of Jesus and the Virgin Birth. It is scant, late developing material filled with mythological details. That quick analysis served to make us aware that most of the images we hold of the mother of Jesus are not biblical at all. They are …

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Q & A:

The subject is Children's Sunday school. The hypothesis is that Sunday

school is counter productive and marginally threatens the

collective/progressive understanding of the Christian faith. Sunday School

teaching is necessarily taught at a level that is understandable by

children. Even in the more liberal churches, Old Testament scripture

lessons include stories about Abraham and Sarah, Noah, Moses, King David,

etc. My son at age 6 or 7 asked where Noah put dinosaurs on his boat.

Regardless the dimensions of the boat, whether the animals were in pairs or

sevens, or whether or not dinosaurs existed before "creation" - the simple

fact is that the metaphorical message, or truth is abandoned in favor of a

good tale. The same is true of the New Testament scripture, particularly

with regard to miracles and Jesus - absent the cultural and historical

context. The concept that the Bible is a divinely inspired search for the

human condition in relation to each other and to God is simply not a concept

that is teachable to young children. Statistics and psychology tell us that

teens abandon the Church as an act of independence and, if they return, it

is typically with their own children. They return more often than not with

a children's Sunday school understanding of their faith. Conservatives,

fundamentalists, make them comfortable at this level. Christianity becomes

stuck. Would you please comment?

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14 December 2005: The Virgin in the New Testament

As the Christmas season arrives, the icon of the Virgin Mary enters the consciousness of the Christian world in a significant way. She is universally recognized with her eyes lowered, the infant Jesus in her arms, and located in a stable. Joseph normally stands guard behind the manger. Sheep and cattle fill in the humble …

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Q & A:

I am a man without a face. All I see in this world is unfairness and I feel that my life has been filled with sadness, loneliness and depression. I've been driven to the point of suicide. I ask you: how can I accept that life is unfair and still find a reason to believe in God?

Read the Answer...

7 December 2005: Was Jesus a Feminist in a Patriarchal World?

If, as I have argued, organized religion is almost universally anti-female and even misogynistic, was Jesus different? Did he stand outside that pattern? Certainly, the religion developed by his disciples has historically made major contributions to the denigration of women. One only has to look at the church debates that have resulted in the exclusion …

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Q & A:

After watching a Tom Brokaw special on the growth of

Evangelicals and their huge churches, I am rather appalled

that their "love" for humanity does not include homosexuals,

people that get abortions or gay and lesbian couples who want

to marry! How can people believe in such a narrow minded,

limited God? Are they really growing as powerful as they

were pictured?

Read the Answer...

30 November 2005: How Religion defined Women as the Source of Evil

We began this series of columns by searching for the source of the almost universally negative definition of women that is held in religious circles. Somehow it has been imperative for men to portray women as weak, dependent wards, wrapping that portrayal in the garments of patriarchal religion. This definition used what they called God-given …

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Q & A:

Much is in the news of late about the AIDS epidemic in

Africa. In the past, the focus has been on condom

distribution that has helped Uganda in particular to reduce

AIDS infection. But now, with the influence of Pope

Benedict, the Bush administration and ultra conservative

religious groups, the BBC and MSNBC and other news agencies

report that abstinence is now being promoted as the only

workable solution. This had resulted in a shortage of

condoms and an increase in HIV infection.

BBC reported that Stephen Lewis, U.N. Secretary General's

special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa has said that

fundamental Christian ideology is driving Washington's AIDS

assistance program known as PEPFAR with disastrous results,

including condom shortages in Uganda. Uganda has previously

cut HIV infection rates to about 6% from 30% in the early

1990s. Now U.S. legislation requires 1/3 of AIDS prevention

funding be spent to promote abstinence.

I see the promotion of abstinence as an unrealistic

solution in countries where literacy and knowledge of modern

science is often very limited. Do the Pope, President Bush

and the ultra conservatives have their heads in the sand on

this? I would be interested in your opinion on this.

Read the Answer...

23 November 2005: The Bias Against Women in the Judeo-Christian Tradition

Last week I began an exploration of the origins of that incessant religious negativity toward women. I located its deepest root in the evolutionary process where survival becomes the ultimate self-conscious value that dominates the human psyche. I suggested that part of this survival process involved the definition of the stronger and faster male as …

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Q & A:

When the lights go out and doors are closing, where does

one find the courage to look for the way? I know this will

sound like a bizarre question but I just finished your

autobiography HERE I STAND: MY STRUGGLE FOR A CHRISTIANITY OF

INTEGRITY, LOVE AND EQUALITY, and am sincerely impressed by

the apparent fact that you found a reason to continue despite

an unrelenting opposition. To what do you attribute this

courage, drive, resolve, or stubbornness?

Read the Answer...

15 November 2005: Women: Religion’s Traditional Victims

Have you ever noticed that organized religion has historically been a major force in the oppression of women? Have you ever wondered why? The battle over abortion being waged in America today, with the support of both the Vatican and the religious right is simply the latest chapter in this perennial war. Since ‘religion’ is …

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Q & A:

Christina, a television producer at Fox News asks:

How do you respond to the Rev. Pat Robertson when he warns

the citizens of Dover, Pennsylvania, that God might strike

them with a disaster since they voted out the School Board

members who favored "Intelligent Design?"

Read the Answer...

9 November 2005: Troy D. Perry – One of God’s Original Saints

It all began on October 6, 1968. On that day, twelve people gathered in a house in Los Angeles in response to an advertisement in a four-page magazine for homosexuals called “The Advocate.” This ad was addressed to gay men and lesbians who might want to be a part of a Christian Church in which …

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Q & A:

The one area where I would welcome more thought and

discussion concerns the too rapid "doing away" with all the

old forms, rituals, hymns, etc. which reflect a theological

perspective to which we cannot subscribe. We accomplish

little if we drive people away rather than get them to move.

And some of the old forms can, I think, be used in new ways

while being respected as part of our history - a part that is

no longer logical or relevant but is part of our transition.

It's like the singing of hymns such as "In the Garden" - the

theology is lousy but the tune evokes positive feelings.

Perhaps such "dinosaurs" can be utilized as tools, by which

to share new directions and interpretations that make more

sense.

Read the Answer...

2 November 2005: 2000 Deaths Later, the Time Has Come to Render to Caesar His Due!

A well-known and oft-quoted verse in Matthew’s Gospel portrays Jesus, responding to a question designed to trap him between competing loyalties. Where does the line fall between what one owes to God and what one owes to the State? To this question Jesus responded, “You render to Caesar that which belongs to Caesar and to …

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Q & A:

Besides the Bible, what other sacred text that mankind has

produced over the millennia would you consider to be the most

helpful to 21st century people?

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19 October 2005: Surveying Fifty Years with the Class of 1955

Nothing forces an awareness of the passing of time into one’s consciousness quite like a school reunion. Recently my classmates from our seminary days gathered to recognize the 50th anniversary of our graduation. We began our life together as sixty men (no women were then allowed), all seeking ordination to the priesthood of the Episcopal …

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Q & A:

My question for you concerns prayer that is directed to

those other than the ultimate God. People pray to humans who

have moved on to whatever happens after death - to Jesus of

Nazareth, to Mary his mother, and to the vast litany of

saints, many of whom have been declared patrons of causes,

events and professions. All of these are, or were, human

beings who have passed over the threshold of death. Does not

this type of prayer assume the immortality of the individual

human spirit or soul? What are your thoughts on the

existence, activity and power of the individual soul/spirit

after death? For example, I admire the writings of Thomas

Jefferson but I don't try to contact him in his "other world"

for enlightenment. Why should I pray to St. Cecelia to help

me play the right notes or to St. Jude for some lost cause,

or to St. Mary to intercede for me with her son? Do these

individual souls still exist and do they have any power or

inclination to relate to us? Why should I pray to Jesus of

Nazareth if he has returned to the Divine? If God is indeed

Being, Life and Love, do not all human souls melt back into

this Absolute after death? In a larger sense if the

individual spirits of the saints remain intact, does not the

soul of every human endure eternally as a unique spirit?

This has become a major stumbling block on my path to the

Divine. Can you help?

Read the Answer...

12 October 2005: Is History Repeating Itself?

“Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” These words of philosopher George Santayana are terrifyingly true. Recently, I have looked again at what happened to the Jews in Christian Europe in the 1930s and 1940s and compared that to what I believe is happening today to homosexual people in the United …

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Q & A:

On July 13, 2005, this column ran a story entitled

"Phyllis' Garden." In that column I asked my readers to send

Phyllis Welder a letter or card to thank her for her part in

beautifying her surroundings by turning a tiny piece of

ground 18 inches by 36 inches underneath a street sign in

front of her house into a lovely garden for all to enjoy. It

was the major contribution of this 85 year old widow to the

community where she had spent all of her life. At last count

224 of you did that. The mail created quite a bit of

conversation in the village of Stoneleigh, where suddenly

this simple and unprepossessing woman received more mail each

day than anyone else in the village and sometimes more than

everyone else put together! I want to thank you for doing

that and these letters will reveal that your response brought

great joy to this lady and offered an opportunity for her

community to see greatness in the ordinary which was the

subject of the article. For those who might have missed this

column or for new subscribers who did not receive it you may

read it by going online to http://www.bishopspong.com. If you

do that it is not too late to send Phyllis a letter from you.

I would love to see the tally reach 300 letters. My thanks

to all of you for taking the time to do this little act of

kindness.

John Shelby Spong

Read the Answer...

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